L-Histidine markedly increases the ability of hydrogen peroxide to induce DNA cleavage and this effect is associated with a 3-aminobenzamide-inhibitable decline in NAD(+) levels, an event which very likely reflects an enhanced stimulation of the enzyme poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase. 3-Aminobenzamide slowed down the removal of alkaline elution-detected strand breaks induced by either H2O2 alone (producing only DNA single-strand breaks) or associated with L-histidine (resulting in the formation of both single-strand breaks and DNA double-strand breaks), and the extent of inhibition was similar under the two experimental conditions. 3-Aminobenzamide did not affect the rate of rejoining of DNA double-strand breaks generated by the cocktail H2O2/L-histidine. The above results suggest that these double-strand breaks have hardly any effect on the induction of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase activity, a conclusion that is consistent with the observation that the activity of this enzyme appears to be basically identical under conditions that abolish the formation of DNA double-strand breaks, in the absence of measurable variations in the level of induction of DNA single-strand breaks (e.g. in the presence of an excess of L-glutamine, a competitive inhibitor of L-histidine uptake). Finally, 3-aminobenzamide did not affect the toxicity of the oxidant, both in the absence and presence of L-histidine.

The effect of hydrogen peroxide/L-histidine-induced DNA single- vs. double-strand breaks on poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase.

PALOMBA, LETIZIA;GUIDARELLI, ANDREA;CANTONI, ORAZIO
1995-01-01

Abstract

L-Histidine markedly increases the ability of hydrogen peroxide to induce DNA cleavage and this effect is associated with a 3-aminobenzamide-inhibitable decline in NAD(+) levels, an event which very likely reflects an enhanced stimulation of the enzyme poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase. 3-Aminobenzamide slowed down the removal of alkaline elution-detected strand breaks induced by either H2O2 alone (producing only DNA single-strand breaks) or associated with L-histidine (resulting in the formation of both single-strand breaks and DNA double-strand breaks), and the extent of inhibition was similar under the two experimental conditions. 3-Aminobenzamide did not affect the rate of rejoining of DNA double-strand breaks generated by the cocktail H2O2/L-histidine. The above results suggest that these double-strand breaks have hardly any effect on the induction of poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase activity, a conclusion that is consistent with the observation that the activity of this enzyme appears to be basically identical under conditions that abolish the formation of DNA double-strand breaks, in the absence of measurable variations in the level of induction of DNA single-strand breaks (e.g. in the presence of an excess of L-glutamine, a competitive inhibitor of L-histidine uptake). Finally, 3-aminobenzamide did not affect the toxicity of the oxidant, both in the absence and presence of L-histidine.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/1880529
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