The present study shows that in celery Cr(III) induces deleterious effects on seedling development and morphology, and a number of metabolic responses related to stress. Exogenous CrCl3 from 0.01 to 1 mM increasingly inhibited seed germination and hypocotyl elongation, or completely blocked it (10 mM), while the root apparatus was dramatically damaged even at the lowest dose. Seedlings took up exogenous Cr(III) in a dose-dependent manner, roots being the site of major metal accumulation; translocation towards the hypocotyls and cotyledonary leaves was also detected. Either total or chlorophyll a content was significantly reduced by chromium as low as 0.01 mM. A large accumulation of free and, to a lesser extent, conjugated polyamines occurred in all segments of treated plants. A dose-dependent relationship linking actual amounts of Cr(III) recovered in the entire seedling or organ and the respective polyamine titre was evidenced. Free putrescine, in particular, was the polyamine exhibiting the highest rate of increase, and cotyledonary leaves the organ where the major response occurred. A marked increase in ubiquitin–protein conjugates after Cr(III) treatment was also observed, particularly in roots. Thus, the study suggests for the first time a possible relationship between ubiquitination and Cr(III)-stress. The putative function of polyamines as a stress response, and the recruitment of the ubiquitin pathway to remove damaged or aberrant proteins which might have been produced in metal-treated seedlings are discussed.

Uptake and toxicity of Cr(III) in celery seedlings

SCOCCIANTI, VALERIA;CRINELLI, RITA;TIRILLINI, BRUNO;
2006-01-01

Abstract

The present study shows that in celery Cr(III) induces deleterious effects on seedling development and morphology, and a number of metabolic responses related to stress. Exogenous CrCl3 from 0.01 to 1 mM increasingly inhibited seed germination and hypocotyl elongation, or completely blocked it (10 mM), while the root apparatus was dramatically damaged even at the lowest dose. Seedlings took up exogenous Cr(III) in a dose-dependent manner, roots being the site of major metal accumulation; translocation towards the hypocotyls and cotyledonary leaves was also detected. Either total or chlorophyll a content was significantly reduced by chromium as low as 0.01 mM. A large accumulation of free and, to a lesser extent, conjugated polyamines occurred in all segments of treated plants. A dose-dependent relationship linking actual amounts of Cr(III) recovered in the entire seedling or organ and the respective polyamine titre was evidenced. Free putrescine, in particular, was the polyamine exhibiting the highest rate of increase, and cotyledonary leaves the organ where the major response occurred. A marked increase in ubiquitin–protein conjugates after Cr(III) treatment was also observed, particularly in roots. Thus, the study suggests for the first time a possible relationship between ubiquitination and Cr(III)-stress. The putative function of polyamines as a stress response, and the recruitment of the ubiquitin pathway to remove damaged or aberrant proteins which might have been produced in metal-treated seedlings are discussed.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/1885800
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