A concentration of H2O2 resulting in mode one killing of Escherichia coli is more toxic when exposure to the oxidant is performed in complete medium (K medium), as compared to a saline (M9 salts). Inorganic salts (MgSO4 and CaCl2), thiamine or glucose, when added separately, or combined, to M9 salts had no effect on the cytotoxic response to H2O2. In contrast, the lethality of the oxidant was highly dependent on the presence of the amino acids in the incubation medium. The addition of glucose further enhanced this response. Among the seventeen amino acids which are present in the complete amino acid mixture, only two, i.e. L-histidine and L-cystine, were found to increase the toxicity of H2O2. Again, glucose augmented this response. The effect of these amino acids on the growth inhibitory action of hydrogen peroxide was also tested in Chinese Hamster Ovary cells. It was found that L-histidine was capable of increasing the toxicity of the oxidant whereas all the other amino acids did not affect the toxicity of the oxidant. Glucose only slightly augmented this effect of L-histidine. DNA single strand breakage produced by H2O2 was increased by L-histidine and was not significantly modified by the other amino acids. DNA double strand breakage was also shown to occur in cells exposed to H2O2-L-histidine, and this effect was independent on the presence of glucose. These results demonstrate that the cytotoxic response of bacterial and mammalian cells to challenge with H2O2 is highly dependent on the composition of the extracellular milieu

The role of extracellular medium components and specific amino acids in the cytotoxic response of Escherichia coli and Chinese Hamster Ovary cells to hydrogen peroxide

BRANDI, GIORGIO;SESTILI, PIERO;CANTONI, ORAZIO
1992

Abstract

A concentration of H2O2 resulting in mode one killing of Escherichia coli is more toxic when exposure to the oxidant is performed in complete medium (K medium), as compared to a saline (M9 salts). Inorganic salts (MgSO4 and CaCl2), thiamine or glucose, when added separately, or combined, to M9 salts had no effect on the cytotoxic response to H2O2. In contrast, the lethality of the oxidant was highly dependent on the presence of the amino acids in the incubation medium. The addition of glucose further enhanced this response. Among the seventeen amino acids which are present in the complete amino acid mixture, only two, i.e. L-histidine and L-cystine, were found to increase the toxicity of H2O2. Again, glucose augmented this response. The effect of these amino acids on the growth inhibitory action of hydrogen peroxide was also tested in Chinese Hamster Ovary cells. It was found that L-histidine was capable of increasing the toxicity of the oxidant whereas all the other amino acids did not affect the toxicity of the oxidant. Glucose only slightly augmented this effect of L-histidine. DNA single strand breakage produced by H2O2 was increased by L-histidine and was not significantly modified by the other amino acids. DNA double strand breakage was also shown to occur in cells exposed to H2O2-L-histidine, and this effect was independent on the presence of glucose. These results demonstrate that the cytotoxic response of bacterial and mammalian cells to challenge with H2O2 is highly dependent on the composition of the extracellular milieu
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11576/2301401
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