Nontoxic concentrations of peroxynitrite nevertheless commit rat astrocytes to mitochondrial permeability transition-dependent toxicity, however prevented by a signaling response driven by arachidonic acid (ARA). The lipid messenger was released upon peroxynitrite-dependent activation of cytosolic phospholipase A2 and its pharmacological inhibition, or knock-down, was invariably associated with a prompt apoptotic response sensitive to exogenous ARA, but insensitive to other polyunsaturated fatty acids, as eicosapentaenoic or linoleic acid. Interestingly, while microglia also used ARA to cope with peroxynitrite, cerebellar granule cells were killed by the same concentrations of peroxynitrite employed in astrocyte/microglia experiments via a mechanism sensitive to inhibition of ARA release. These results collectively support the notion that resistance of glial cells to peroxynitrite, a species extensively produced under neuroinflammatory conditions, is largely based on a critical survival signaling triggered by the inflammatory product ARA. In remarkable contrast with these results, the lipid messenger appears to mediate toxicity in neuronal cells.

Arachidonic acid: a key molecule for astrocyte survival to peroxynitrite.

PALOMBA, LETIZIA;CANTONI, ORAZIO
2009

Abstract

Nontoxic concentrations of peroxynitrite nevertheless commit rat astrocytes to mitochondrial permeability transition-dependent toxicity, however prevented by a signaling response driven by arachidonic acid (ARA). The lipid messenger was released upon peroxynitrite-dependent activation of cytosolic phospholipase A2 and its pharmacological inhibition, or knock-down, was invariably associated with a prompt apoptotic response sensitive to exogenous ARA, but insensitive to other polyunsaturated fatty acids, as eicosapentaenoic or linoleic acid. Interestingly, while microglia also used ARA to cope with peroxynitrite, cerebellar granule cells were killed by the same concentrations of peroxynitrite employed in astrocyte/microglia experiments via a mechanism sensitive to inhibition of ARA release. These results collectively support the notion that resistance of glial cells to peroxynitrite, a species extensively produced under neuroinflammatory conditions, is largely based on a critical survival signaling triggered by the inflammatory product ARA. In remarkable contrast with these results, the lipid messenger appears to mediate toxicity in neuronal cells.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11576/2301545
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