The distribution of virulence properties in 142 strains of Aeromonas isolated from diarrhoeic patients, food and surface water in Italy and identified by biochemical and molecular methods was investigated. The virulence properties studied were the presence of genes for the aerolysin (aerA), heat-stable cytotonic enterotoxin (ast), heat-labile cytotonic enterotoxin (alt), cytotoxic enterotoxin (act); and cytotoxicity for Vero cells and adhesion on Hep-2 cells. A. hydrophila and A. caviae were the species most commonly isolated from clinical and environmental samples (9/30; 30.0% and 5/27; 18.5%, respectively) while mesophilic A. salmonicida was most common in food samples (19/80; 23.7%). Out of 142 strains, 86 (60.6%) were positive for at least one of the virulence properties. All the toxin genes were present in 4/18 (22.3%) of clinical strains. Most of the food isolates (54/55; 98.2%) were cytotoxic and most of the environmental strains (12/13; 92.3%) were adhesive. The aerA gene was present in most toxigenic strains (72/86; 83.7%), irrespective of their origin. The growth temperature affected the expression of cytotoxicity and adhesivity. Aeromonas strains from food and surface water frequently had toxin gene patterns similar to those of clinical strains and expressed virulence properties at human body temperature. These findings indicate that aeromonads have the potential to cause human illness and confirm the role of food and water as vehicles for Aeromonas diseases.

Putative virulence properties of Aeromonas strains isolated from food, environmental and clinical sources in Italy: A comparative study

PARLANI, CHIARA;CITTERIO, BARBARA;SABATINI, LUIGIA;BRUSCOLINI, FRANCESCA;PIANETTI, ANNA
2011-01-01

Abstract

The distribution of virulence properties in 142 strains of Aeromonas isolated from diarrhoeic patients, food and surface water in Italy and identified by biochemical and molecular methods was investigated. The virulence properties studied were the presence of genes for the aerolysin (aerA), heat-stable cytotonic enterotoxin (ast), heat-labile cytotonic enterotoxin (alt), cytotoxic enterotoxin (act); and cytotoxicity for Vero cells and adhesion on Hep-2 cells. A. hydrophila and A. caviae were the species most commonly isolated from clinical and environmental samples (9/30; 30.0% and 5/27; 18.5%, respectively) while mesophilic A. salmonicida was most common in food samples (19/80; 23.7%). Out of 142 strains, 86 (60.6%) were positive for at least one of the virulence properties. All the toxin genes were present in 4/18 (22.3%) of clinical strains. Most of the food isolates (54/55; 98.2%) were cytotoxic and most of the environmental strains (12/13; 92.3%) were adhesive. The aerA gene was present in most toxigenic strains (72/86; 83.7%), irrespective of their origin. The growth temperature affected the expression of cytotoxicity and adhesivity. Aeromonas strains from food and surface water frequently had toxin gene patterns similar to those of clinical strains and expressed virulence properties at human body temperature. These findings indicate that aeromonads have the potential to cause human illness and confirm the role of food and water as vehicles for Aeromonas diseases.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2502151
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 79
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 75
social impact