The objective of the work is that of testing empirically the hypothesis that firms cluster together in economic space, due to Marshallian localization economies. According to this hypothesis changes in employment in localized industries should be more closely related to within cities than across cities. The data used are six monthly employment data of the metal working industry and the precision machinery, from 1985 to 1994. The geographic units are the Italian provinces, and four have been chosen on the major presence of this kind of industry. Different empirical tests show that Marshallian economies exist and influence the localization choice of firms, especially of the footloose industry whose relocalization could have relevant effects in the process of convergence within the European Union.

Localizzazione ed economie marshalliane: un test di verifica empirica per l'Italia

ROMBALDONI, ROSALBA
1998-01-01

Abstract

The objective of the work is that of testing empirically the hypothesis that firms cluster together in economic space, due to Marshallian localization economies. According to this hypothesis changes in employment in localized industries should be more closely related to within cities than across cities. The data used are six monthly employment data of the metal working industry and the precision machinery, from 1985 to 1994. The geographic units are the Italian provinces, and four have been chosen on the major presence of this kind of industry. Different empirical tests show that Marshallian economies exist and influence the localization choice of firms, especially of the footloose industry whose relocalization could have relevant effects in the process of convergence within the European Union.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2503843
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