This work explored the interaction of chitosan with Calu-3 and Caco-2 cell lines, as models of the airway and intestinal epithelium, respectively. The toxicity, tight junction opening and mucoadhesive effects of chitosan were compared in the two cell lines. Additionally, the role of mucus in the absorption-promoting activity of chitosan was studied systematically. Notably, chitosan exhibited a different degree of toxicity on the Calu-3 and Caco-2 cells. Chitosan's tight junction-opening effect, observed in terms of reduction of transepithelial electrical resistance and permeability enhancement, was apparent in both cell lines, though somewhat lower in Caco-2 compared to Calu-3 cell layers (though overall permeability was higher in the former). Tight junction opening and association of chitosan with the epithelial cell layers was more prominent in mucus-containing than in mucus-depleted Calu-3 cells and non mucus-excreting Caco-2 monolayers. Overall, the work suggests that chitosan exhibits a different level of toxicity in airway, as compared to intestinal cells and although absorption enhancement is apparent in both cell lines, enabling its potential use as an absorption-promoting excipient in both pulmonary and oral macromolecular delivery, the magnitude and the duration of the effect is dependent on the level of mucus present on the epithelial surfaces.

Absorption-promoting effects of chitosan in airway and intestinal cell lines: A comparative study

CASETTARI, LUCA;
2012-01-01

Abstract

This work explored the interaction of chitosan with Calu-3 and Caco-2 cell lines, as models of the airway and intestinal epithelium, respectively. The toxicity, tight junction opening and mucoadhesive effects of chitosan were compared in the two cell lines. Additionally, the role of mucus in the absorption-promoting activity of chitosan was studied systematically. Notably, chitosan exhibited a different degree of toxicity on the Calu-3 and Caco-2 cells. Chitosan's tight junction-opening effect, observed in terms of reduction of transepithelial electrical resistance and permeability enhancement, was apparent in both cell lines, though somewhat lower in Caco-2 compared to Calu-3 cell layers (though overall permeability was higher in the former). Tight junction opening and association of chitosan with the epithelial cell layers was more prominent in mucus-containing than in mucus-depleted Calu-3 cells and non mucus-excreting Caco-2 monolayers. Overall, the work suggests that chitosan exhibits a different level of toxicity in airway, as compared to intestinal cells and although absorption enhancement is apparent in both cell lines, enabling its potential use as an absorption-promoting excipient in both pulmonary and oral macromolecular delivery, the magnitude and the duration of the effect is dependent on the level of mucus present on the epithelial surfaces.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2512510
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