Genetic identity and relatedness of the durum wheat Graziella Ra, four Italian commercial durum cultivars (Cappelli, Grazia, Flaminio and Svevo) and Kamut were evaluated using amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs), simple sequence repeats (SSRs) and α-gliadin gene sequence analysis. Our primary objective was to study molecular genetic diversity in such a set of wheats including three modern (Grazia, Flaminio and Svevo) and three older (Cappelli, Kamut and Graziella Ra) durum accessions. Specifically, we aimed at determining the relationship between the historic accession Graziella Ra and Kamut, which is considered an ancient relative of the durum subspecies. Obtained results revealed that (1) both AFLP and SSR molecular markers detected highly congruent patterns of genetic diversity among the accessions showing nearly similar efficiency; (2) for AFLPs, percentage of polymorphic loci within accession ranged from 6.57% to 19.71% (mean, 12.77%) and for SSRs, from 0% to 57.14% (mean, 28.57%); (3) principal component analysis of genetic distance among accessions showed the first two axes accounting for 58. 03% (for AFLPs) and 61.60% (for SSRs) of the total variability; (4) for AFLPs, molecular variance was partitioned into 80% (variance among accessions) and 20% (within accession) and for SSRs, into 73% (variance among accessions) and 27% (within accession); (5) cluster analysis of AFLPs and SSRs datasets displayed Graziella Ra and Kamut constantly grouped into the same cluster; and (6) molecular comparison of α-gliadin gene sequences showed Graziella Ra and Kamut in separate clusters. All these findings support the hypothesis that Graziella Ra and Kamut, although very similar, at least in the little part of the genome investigated by molecular markers employed in this study, might be considered as distinct accessions.

Molecular characterization and comparative analysis of six durum wheat accessions including Graziella Ra.

COLOMBA, MARIASTELLA;GREGORINI, ARMANDO
2012-01-01

Abstract

Genetic identity and relatedness of the durum wheat Graziella Ra, four Italian commercial durum cultivars (Cappelli, Grazia, Flaminio and Svevo) and Kamut were evaluated using amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs), simple sequence repeats (SSRs) and α-gliadin gene sequence analysis. Our primary objective was to study molecular genetic diversity in such a set of wheats including three modern (Grazia, Flaminio and Svevo) and three older (Cappelli, Kamut and Graziella Ra) durum accessions. Specifically, we aimed at determining the relationship between the historic accession Graziella Ra and Kamut, which is considered an ancient relative of the durum subspecies. Obtained results revealed that (1) both AFLP and SSR molecular markers detected highly congruent patterns of genetic diversity among the accessions showing nearly similar efficiency; (2) for AFLPs, percentage of polymorphic loci within accession ranged from 6.57% to 19.71% (mean, 12.77%) and for SSRs, from 0% to 57.14% (mean, 28.57%); (3) principal component analysis of genetic distance among accessions showed the first two axes accounting for 58. 03% (for AFLPs) and 61.60% (for SSRs) of the total variability; (4) for AFLPs, molecular variance was partitioned into 80% (variance among accessions) and 20% (within accession) and for SSRs, into 73% (variance among accessions) and 27% (within accession); (5) cluster analysis of AFLPs and SSRs datasets displayed Graziella Ra and Kamut constantly grouped into the same cluster; and (6) molecular comparison of α-gliadin gene sequences showed Graziella Ra and Kamut in separate clusters. All these findings support the hypothesis that Graziella Ra and Kamut, although very similar, at least in the little part of the genome investigated by molecular markers employed in this study, might be considered as distinct accessions.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2534400
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