The vast use of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) mandates thorough investigation of their impact on biosystems at various levels. The cytotoxicity of PVP coated-AgNPs to pollen, the aploid male gametophyte of higher plants, has been assessed here for the first time. The negative effects of AgNPs include substantial decreases in pollen viability and performance, specific ultrastructural alterations, early changes in calcium content, and unbalance of redox status. Agþ released from AgNPs damaged pollen membranes and inhibited germination to a greater extent than the AgNPs themselves. By contrast, the AgNPs were more potent at disrupting the tube elongation process. ROS deficiency and overproduction were registered in the Agþ- and AgNP-treatment, respectively. The peculiar features of AgNP toxicity reflected their specific modes of interaction with pollen surface and membranes, and the dynamic exchange between coating (PVP) and culture medium. In contrast, the effects of Agþ were most likely induced through chemical/physicochemical interactions

In vitro toxicity of silver nanoparticles to kiwifruit pollen exhibits peculiar traits beyond the cause of silver ion release.

CRINELLI, RITA;SCOCCIANTI, VALERIA;IACOBUCCI, MARTA;
2013-01-01

Abstract

The vast use of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) mandates thorough investigation of their impact on biosystems at various levels. The cytotoxicity of PVP coated-AgNPs to pollen, the aploid male gametophyte of higher plants, has been assessed here for the first time. The negative effects of AgNPs include substantial decreases in pollen viability and performance, specific ultrastructural alterations, early changes in calcium content, and unbalance of redox status. Agþ released from AgNPs damaged pollen membranes and inhibited germination to a greater extent than the AgNPs themselves. By contrast, the AgNPs were more potent at disrupting the tube elongation process. ROS deficiency and overproduction were registered in the Agþ- and AgNP-treatment, respectively. The peculiar features of AgNP toxicity reflected their specific modes of interaction with pollen surface and membranes, and the dynamic exchange between coating (PVP) and culture medium. In contrast, the effects of Agþ were most likely induced through chemical/physicochemical interactions
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2557574
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 44
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 39
social impact