This paper aims at showing that Gramsci's "philosophy of praxis" is the most appropriate interpretation of the peculiarity of Marxism both as a philosophical position and a political movement. It is this imbrication that Gramsci allows us to think rigorously, when he shows that truth, ideology and hegemony are nothing but different degrees of the same political praxis; that politics is, on the other hand, a process of truth-constitution; that every philosophy must be conceived of as a form of "religion" (a conception of the world with a corresponding ethics); and, lastly, that this mechanism characterizes "traditional" philosophy as well as, auto-reflexively, Marxism itself. In this way, Gramsci leads us to formulate the question 'What is Marxism?' in a more adequate manner, putting aside the traditional and dominant disputes among concurrent orthodoxies. The peculiarity of Gramsci's approach to Marx and Marxism, therefore, needs not be interpreted as an evidence of his marginality in the Marxist debates. On the contrary, it shows how much mistaken and misleading these debates have been - and still are.
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