Glucocorticosteroids (GCs) are widely used to treat different kinds of chronic inflammatory and immune diseases through transcriptional regulation of inflammatory genes. Modulation of gene expression by GCs is known to occur through diverse mechanisms of varying relevance to specific classes of genes. Epigenetic modifications are indeed a pivotal regulatory feature of glucocorticoid receptor and other transcription factors. In this study, histone post-translational modifications were investigated for their involvement in the regulation of selected pro-inflammatory genes - expressed in human monocyte-derived macrophages - in response to treatment with synthetic GC dexamethasone (DEX). We show that histone tail acetylation status is modified following DEX administration, through distinct and alternative mechanisms at the promoters of interleukin-8 and interleukin-23. In addition to histone H3 acetylation, our results demonstrate that H3 lysine 4 trimethylation is affected following drug treatment

Promoter-specific relevance of histone modifications induced by dexamethasone during the regulation of pro-inflammatory mediators

PALMA, LINDA;AMATORI, STEFANO;FANELLI, MIRCO;MAGNANI, MAURO
2014-01-01

Abstract

Glucocorticosteroids (GCs) are widely used to treat different kinds of chronic inflammatory and immune diseases through transcriptional regulation of inflammatory genes. Modulation of gene expression by GCs is known to occur through diverse mechanisms of varying relevance to specific classes of genes. Epigenetic modifications are indeed a pivotal regulatory feature of glucocorticoid receptor and other transcription factors. In this study, histone post-translational modifications were investigated for their involvement in the regulation of selected pro-inflammatory genes - expressed in human monocyte-derived macrophages - in response to treatment with synthetic GC dexamethasone (DEX). We show that histone tail acetylation status is modified following DEX administration, through distinct and alternative mechanisms at the promoters of interleukin-8 and interleukin-23. In addition to histone H3 acetylation, our results demonstrate that H3 lysine 4 trimethylation is affected following drug treatment
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2608201
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