The purpose of this study was to introduce free-living marine nematodes to the ‘world of biomarkers’.Biomarkers are still not used in the monitoring and assessment of this highly diverse phylum, becausethe technique needs to be applied at the single species level. This incurs high costs and involves time-consuming procedures, which are currently the main pitfalls when it comes to the application of thesetechniques to marine nematodes. Consequently, this work proposes an innovative protocol for selectinga single species from an entire community of nematodes using two independent selection processeswhereby the sediment of the microcosms is progressively and separately enriched with fine and coarsesediment fractions. During our experiment, the abundance and number of nematode species decreaseddiscernibly with exposure to both finer and coarser sediment. Multivariate analyses revealed that deposit-and epigrowth-feeders were the most tolerant feeding guilds, probably due to their deposit-feedingand microvore behaviours. At the end of the experiment, Terschellingia longicaudata and Ptycholaimellusponticus became the unique members of the community when the sediment was enriched with fine andcoarse sediment particles, respectively. After the complete alteration of the community, and when themono-species level had been achieved, it was possible to maintain these two species alive, and withoutany drop in numbers, under the same laboratory conditions considered during the selection process.Accordingly, the protocol adopted here lays new foundations for the study of nematodes in the biomarkerfield.

An experimental protocol to select nematode species from an entire community using progressive sedimentary enrichment.

SEMPRUCCI, FEDERICA
Writing – Review & Editing
;
2016-01-01

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to introduce free-living marine nematodes to the ‘world of biomarkers’.Biomarkers are still not used in the monitoring and assessment of this highly diverse phylum, becausethe technique needs to be applied at the single species level. This incurs high costs and involves time-consuming procedures, which are currently the main pitfalls when it comes to the application of thesetechniques to marine nematodes. Consequently, this work proposes an innovative protocol for selectinga single species from an entire community of nematodes using two independent selection processeswhereby the sediment of the microcosms is progressively and separately enriched with fine and coarsesediment fractions. During our experiment, the abundance and number of nematode species decreaseddiscernibly with exposure to both finer and coarser sediment. Multivariate analyses revealed that deposit-and epigrowth-feeders were the most tolerant feeding guilds, probably due to their deposit-feedingand microvore behaviours. At the end of the experiment, Terschellingia longicaudata and Ptycholaimellusponticus became the unique members of the community when the sediment was enriched with fine andcoarse sediment particles, respectively. After the complete alteration of the community, and when themono-species level had been achieved, it was possible to maintain these two species alive, and withoutany drop in numbers, under the same laboratory conditions considered during the selection process.Accordingly, the protocol adopted here lays new foundations for the study of nematodes in the biomarkerfield.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2639216
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