Oxidative stress increase induces cellular damage and apoptosis activation, a mechanism believed to represent a final common pathway correlated to sarcopenia and many skeletal muscle disorders. The goal of this study is to evaluate if melatonin, a ROS scavenger molecule, is able to counteract or modulate myotube death. Here, differentiated C2C12 skeletal muscle cells have been treated with melatonin before chemicals known to induce apoptotic death and oxidative stress, and its effect has been investigated by means of morpho-functional analyses. Ultrastructural observations show melatonin protection against triggers by the reducing of membrane blebbing, chromatin condensation, myonuclei loss and in situ DNA cleavage. Moreover, melatonin is able to prevent mitochondrial dysfunctions which occur in myotubes exposed to the trigger alone. These findings demonstrate melatonin ability in preventing apoptotic cell death in skeletal muscle fibers in vitro, suggesting for this molecule a potential therapeutic role in the treatment of various muscle disorders.

Melatonin prevents mitochondrial dysfunctions and death in differentiated skeletal muscle cells

SALUCCI, SARA;BATTISTELLI, MICHELA
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
BALDASSARRI, VALENTINA;BURINI, DEBORA;FALCIERI, ELISABETTA;BURATTINI, SABRINA
2017-01-01

Abstract

Oxidative stress increase induces cellular damage and apoptosis activation, a mechanism believed to represent a final common pathway correlated to sarcopenia and many skeletal muscle disorders. The goal of this study is to evaluate if melatonin, a ROS scavenger molecule, is able to counteract or modulate myotube death. Here, differentiated C2C12 skeletal muscle cells have been treated with melatonin before chemicals known to induce apoptotic death and oxidative stress, and its effect has been investigated by means of morpho-functional analyses. Ultrastructural observations show melatonin protection against triggers by the reducing of membrane blebbing, chromatin condensation, myonuclei loss and in situ DNA cleavage. Moreover, melatonin is able to prevent mitochondrial dysfunctions which occur in myotubes exposed to the trigger alone. These findings demonstrate melatonin ability in preventing apoptotic cell death in skeletal muscle fibers in vitro, suggesting for this molecule a potential therapeutic role in the treatment of various muscle disorders.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2651769
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