In recent decades the adoption of Environmental Management Systems, as frameworks for integrating corporate environmental protection policies and programs, started to become a growing practice among both domestic and multinational companies around the world. Therefore this research wants to present the results of an empirical survey carried out among Italian companies which are certified with the Environmental Management System ISO 14001 and the European Eco Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). The aim is to identify the type of companies that have implemented an EMS standard, to examine the motivations that have prompted them to introduce it, to state the benefits and barriers perceived and to evaluate differences and similarities between these two systems. The research was carried out through a questionnaire proposed to 1657 certified organizations and 190 companies participated. The Analysis of Variance; chi-test (χ2 test) and Pearson's correlation were used to analyze the items of motivations, benefits and barriers. The results of the survey show that EMAS certification seems to be strictly correlated to ISO 14001; in fact the majority of companies which operate in International markets have both standards; moreover companies of larger size opened up primarily to certification compared to those of smaller size and are prompted to certification for different reasons. Time also is a relevant discriminating factor. As for the analysis of perceived benefits and barriers, this showed an important relation of similarity between ISO 14001 and EMAS. The research gave the contribution on how to manage effectively the firm attention to environmental issues.

Evaluation of Italian Companies' Perception about ISO 14001 and Eco Management and Audit Scheme III: Motivations, Benefits and Barriers

Murmura Federica;Bravi Laura;
2018-01-01

Abstract

In recent decades the adoption of Environmental Management Systems, as frameworks for integrating corporate environmental protection policies and programs, started to become a growing practice among both domestic and multinational companies around the world. Therefore this research wants to present the results of an empirical survey carried out among Italian companies which are certified with the Environmental Management System ISO 14001 and the European Eco Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS). The aim is to identify the type of companies that have implemented an EMS standard, to examine the motivations that have prompted them to introduce it, to state the benefits and barriers perceived and to evaluate differences and similarities between these two systems. The research was carried out through a questionnaire proposed to 1657 certified organizations and 190 companies participated. The Analysis of Variance; chi-test (χ2 test) and Pearson's correlation were used to analyze the items of motivations, benefits and barriers. The results of the survey show that EMAS certification seems to be strictly correlated to ISO 14001; in fact the majority of companies which operate in International markets have both standards; moreover companies of larger size opened up primarily to certification compared to those of smaller size and are prompted to certification for different reasons. Time also is a relevant discriminating factor. As for the analysis of perceived benefits and barriers, this showed an important relation of similarity between ISO 14001 and EMAS. The research gave the contribution on how to manage effectively the firm attention to environmental issues.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2654019
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