The silicon transport and use inside cells are key processes for understanding how diatoms metabolize this element in the silica biogenic cycle in the ocean. A spin-probe electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) study over time helped to investigate the interacting properties and the internalization mechanisms of silicic acid from different silicon sources into the cells. Diatom cells were grown in media containing biogenic amorphous substrates, such as diatomaceous earth and sponge spicules, and crystalline sodium metasilicate. It was found that the amorphous biogenic silicon slowed down the internalization process probably due to formation of colloidal particles at the cell surface after silicic acid condensation. Weaker interactions occurred with sponge spicules silicon source if compared to the other sources. The EPR results were explained by analyzing transcript level changes of silicon transporters (SITs) and silaffins (SILs) in synchronized Thalassiosira pseudonana cultures over time. The results indicated that the transport role of SITs is minor for silicic acid from both biogenic and crystalline substrates, and the role of SIT3 is linked to the transport of silicon inside the cells, mainly in the presence of sponge spicules. SIL3 transcripts were expressed in the presence of all silicon sources, while SIL1 transcripts only with sponge spicules. The data suggest that the transport of silicic acid from various silicon sources in diatoms is based on different physico-chemical interactions with the cell surface.

Silicification process in diatom algae using different silicon chemical sources: Colloidal silicic acid interactions at cell surface.

CASABIANCA, SILVIA
Formal Analysis
;
Penna, A.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Capellacci, S.
Formal Analysis
;
Cangiotti, M.
Formal Analysis
;
Ottaviani, M. F.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2018

Abstract

The silicon transport and use inside cells are key processes for understanding how diatoms metabolize this element in the silica biogenic cycle in the ocean. A spin-probe electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) study over time helped to investigate the interacting properties and the internalization mechanisms of silicic acid from different silicon sources into the cells. Diatom cells were grown in media containing biogenic amorphous substrates, such as diatomaceous earth and sponge spicules, and crystalline sodium metasilicate. It was found that the amorphous biogenic silicon slowed down the internalization process probably due to formation of colloidal particles at the cell surface after silicic acid condensation. Weaker interactions occurred with sponge spicules silicon source if compared to the other sources. The EPR results were explained by analyzing transcript level changes of silicon transporters (SITs) and silaffins (SILs) in synchronized Thalassiosira pseudonana cultures over time. The results indicated that the transport role of SITs is minor for silicic acid from both biogenic and crystalline substrates, and the role of SIT3 is linked to the transport of silicon inside the cells, mainly in the presence of sponge spicules. SIL3 transcripts were expressed in the presence of all silicon sources, while SIL1 transcripts only with sponge spicules. The data suggest that the transport of silicic acid from various silicon sources in diatoms is based on different physico-chemical interactions with the cell surface.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11576/2655971
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