This article aims to provide a contextualisation of Franco De Felice’s essay Passive revolution, fascism, Americanism in Gramsci (1977). The relevance of this text derives from its groundbreaking interpretation of the notion of “passive revolution” in Gramsci’s Prison Notebooks. Passive revolution, De Felice argues, has a twofold meaning: in the nineteenth century it meant a process of replacement in the political leadership that is attained without a “jacobine” involvement of the popular masses; in the twentieth century, however, passive revolution consists in the fact that a class succeeds in remaining in power thanks to the passive involvement of the masses. De Felice insists on two different but intertwined forms of the new passive revolution: the governance of the masses and the governance of the economy. In this article the hypothesis is formulated that the originality of De Felice’s interpretation lies in the idea of a “governance of the masses”, a formulation in which are condensed the different forms of what Gramsci calls “totalitarian policy”, that is, the political experiences that, both from above and from below, overcome the limits of the liberal State and that in general reflect «the impossibility of limiting the organization of production to the private sphere».

Stato delle masse ed egemonia: note su Franco De Felice interprete di Gramsci

Fabio Frosini
2017-01-01

Abstract

This article aims to provide a contextualisation of Franco De Felice’s essay Passive revolution, fascism, Americanism in Gramsci (1977). The relevance of this text derives from its groundbreaking interpretation of the notion of “passive revolution” in Gramsci’s Prison Notebooks. Passive revolution, De Felice argues, has a twofold meaning: in the nineteenth century it meant a process of replacement in the political leadership that is attained without a “jacobine” involvement of the popular masses; in the twentieth century, however, passive revolution consists in the fact that a class succeeds in remaining in power thanks to the passive involvement of the masses. De Felice insists on two different but intertwined forms of the new passive revolution: the governance of the masses and the governance of the economy. In this article the hypothesis is formulated that the originality of De Felice’s interpretation lies in the idea of a “governance of the masses”, a formulation in which are condensed the different forms of what Gramsci calls “totalitarian policy”, that is, the political experiences that, both from above and from below, overcome the limits of the liberal State and that in general reflect «the impossibility of limiting the organization of production to the private sphere».
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2657614
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