Many antiviral agents have been reported to present direct cytotoxic activity in cancer, showing antiproliferative and proapoptotic effects through different mechanisms. In the present study, we took into account the cytotoxic action of the antiviral drug acyclovir (ACV) on leukemia cells, by investigating cell cycle perturbations and apoptosis induction upon drug administration to three still unexplored cell lines, namely Jurkat, U937, and K562. At the same time, the cytotoxicity of cisplatin (CDDP) and 5‑fluorouracil (5‑FU) in combination with ACV was assessed, thus to evaluate if the antiviral agent could enhance cancer cell sensitivity to these chemotherapeutic drugs.

Acyclovir induces cell cycle perturbation and apoptosis in Jurkat leukemia cells, and enhances chemotherapeutic drug cytotoxicity

Benedetti, Serena
;
Catalani, Simona;Palma, Francesco;Canonico, Barbara;Luchetti, Francesca;Papa, Stefano;Battistelli, Serafina
2018

Abstract

Many antiviral agents have been reported to present direct cytotoxic activity in cancer, showing antiproliferative and proapoptotic effects through different mechanisms. In the present study, we took into account the cytotoxic action of the antiviral drug acyclovir (ACV) on leukemia cells, by investigating cell cycle perturbations and apoptosis induction upon drug administration to three still unexplored cell lines, namely Jurkat, U937, and K562. At the same time, the cytotoxicity of cisplatin (CDDP) and 5‑fluorouracil (5‑FU) in combination with ACV was assessed, thus to evaluate if the antiviral agent could enhance cancer cell sensitivity to these chemotherapeutic drugs.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11576/2663174
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