Objective Cystic fibrosis (CF; OMIM# 219700) is caused by mutation in the CF transmembrane regulator (CFTR) gene. We investigate whether the (paternal) M348K mutation is a benign polymorphism or a disease-causing mutation in a patient clinically affected with CF, with the second (maternal) CFTR allele identified as N1303K. Methods The patient and his father were studied for the presence of mutations in the CFTR gene using the DHPLC system to analyze all CFTR exons. Amplicons showing an abnormal elation profile were sequenced. Results The CFTR gene from the healthy father has two mutations, M348K and G1244E. The affected son inherited only the G1244E paternal mutation from his father, and hence the two paternal mutations are trans and do not occur in the same CFTR gene. The patient's genotype is G1244E(paternal)/Nl3O3K(maternal). This information was used to study an ongoing pregnancy of the couple, where the fetus inherited the same genotype as the affected proband and therefore is affected. Conclusion M348K in the CFTR gene is not a mutation causing CF, but a rare polymorphism. These data are important for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis and illustrate the importance of full sequence data when studying rare mutations. Copyright (C) 2004 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.

Segregation analysis in cystic fibrosis at-risk family demonstrates that the M348K CFTR mutation is a rare innocuous polymorphism

Gambardella S;
2004-01-01

Abstract

Objective Cystic fibrosis (CF; OMIM# 219700) is caused by mutation in the CF transmembrane regulator (CFTR) gene. We investigate whether the (paternal) M348K mutation is a benign polymorphism or a disease-causing mutation in a patient clinically affected with CF, with the second (maternal) CFTR allele identified as N1303K. Methods The patient and his father were studied for the presence of mutations in the CFTR gene using the DHPLC system to analyze all CFTR exons. Amplicons showing an abnormal elation profile were sequenced. Results The CFTR gene from the healthy father has two mutations, M348K and G1244E. The affected son inherited only the G1244E paternal mutation from his father, and hence the two paternal mutations are trans and do not occur in the same CFTR gene. The patient's genotype is G1244E(paternal)/Nl3O3K(maternal). This information was used to study an ongoing pregnancy of the couple, where the fetus inherited the same genotype as the affected proband and therefore is affected. Conclusion M348K in the CFTR gene is not a mutation causing CF, but a rare polymorphism. These data are important for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis and illustrate the importance of full sequence data when studying rare mutations. Copyright (C) 2004 John Wiley Sons, Ltd.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2664952
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