Diagnostic research was carried out to acquire information on Me-taw-ya temple, Pagán archaeological area, Burma (Myanmar). Throughout the centuries the temple was severely damaged by a series of strong earthquakes, the most recent one taking place in 2016. Our principle aim was to acquire information on the building’s constituting materials (i.e. bricks, mortars and stuccoes) to determine how the temple was constructed, an essential tool for the development of conservation/restoration projects in compliance with international guidelines and standards. The archaeometric study used selected samples to undertake an integrated application of preliminary in situ non-invasive ED-XRF investigations and micro invasive analyses. Optical microscopy observations, FT-IR, XRD and TG analyses were performed to identify the mineralogical and chemical composition of materials. Samples were categorized using principal component analysis (PCA). Hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) were also performed on EDXRF chemical compositional data. Results have delineated a series of considerations linking the geographical origin of the constituting materials to local sources as well as clarifying their formulation and use in the construction of Me-taw-ya temple. Results were used to identify compatible materials for conservation treatments.

Integrated scientific investigations on the constitutive materials from Me-taw-ya Temple, Pagán Valley, Burma (Myanmar)

Amadori, Maria Letizia
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Raspugli, Valentina
Investigation
;
Mini, Francesco Maria
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2019-01-01

Abstract

Diagnostic research was carried out to acquire information on Me-taw-ya temple, Pagán archaeological area, Burma (Myanmar). Throughout the centuries the temple was severely damaged by a series of strong earthquakes, the most recent one taking place in 2016. Our principle aim was to acquire information on the building’s constituting materials (i.e. bricks, mortars and stuccoes) to determine how the temple was constructed, an essential tool for the development of conservation/restoration projects in compliance with international guidelines and standards. The archaeometric study used selected samples to undertake an integrated application of preliminary in situ non-invasive ED-XRF investigations and micro invasive analyses. Optical microscopy observations, FT-IR, XRD and TG analyses were performed to identify the mineralogical and chemical composition of materials. Samples were categorized using principal component analysis (PCA). Hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) were also performed on EDXRF chemical compositional data. Results have delineated a series of considerations linking the geographical origin of the constituting materials to local sources as well as clarifying their formulation and use in the construction of Me-taw-ya temple. Results were used to identify compatible materials for conservation treatments.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2666133
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