Copper(II) carbosilane metallodendrimers are promising nanosized anticancer metallodrugs. The precise control on their design enables an accurate structure-to-activity study. We hypothesized that different structural features, such as the dendrimer generation and metal counterion, modulate the interaction with tumor cells, and subsequently, the effectivity and selectivity of the therapy. A computer-aided analysis of the electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra allowed us to obtain dynamical and structural details on the interactions over time between the dendrimers and the cells, the myeloid U937 tumor cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). The intracellular fate of the metallodendrimers was studied through a complete in vitro evaluation, including cytotoxicity, cytostaticity, and sublethal effects regarding mitochondria function, lysosomal compartments, and autophagic organelle involvement. EPR results confirmed a higher membrane stabilization for chloride dendrimers and low generation complexes, which ultimately influence the metallodrug uptake and intracellular fate. The in vitro evaluation revealed that Cu(II) metallodendrimers are cytostatic and moderate cytotoxic agents for U937 tumor cells, inducing death processes through the mitochondria-lysosome axis as well as autophagic vacuole formation, while barely affecting healthy monocytes. The study provided valuable insight into the mechanism of action of these nanosized metallodrugs and relevant structural parameters affecting the activity.

Fine-Tuning the Interaction and Therapeutic Effect of Cu(II) Carbosilane Metallodendrimers in Cancer Cells: An In Vitro Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Study

Barbara Canonico;Riccardo Carloni;Stefano Papa;Maria Gemma Nasoni;Alberto Fattori;Michela Cangiotti;Maria Francesca Ottaviani;
2020

Abstract

Copper(II) carbosilane metallodendrimers are promising nanosized anticancer metallodrugs. The precise control on their design enables an accurate structure-to-activity study. We hypothesized that different structural features, such as the dendrimer generation and metal counterion, modulate the interaction with tumor cells, and subsequently, the effectivity and selectivity of the therapy. A computer-aided analysis of the electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectra allowed us to obtain dynamical and structural details on the interactions over time between the dendrimers and the cells, the myeloid U937 tumor cells and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). The intracellular fate of the metallodendrimers was studied through a complete in vitro evaluation, including cytotoxicity, cytostaticity, and sublethal effects regarding mitochondria function, lysosomal compartments, and autophagic organelle involvement. EPR results confirmed a higher membrane stabilization for chloride dendrimers and low generation complexes, which ultimately influence the metallodrug uptake and intracellular fate. The in vitro evaluation revealed that Cu(II) metallodendrimers are cytostatic and moderate cytotoxic agents for U937 tumor cells, inducing death processes through the mitochondria-lysosome axis as well as autophagic vacuole formation, while barely affecting healthy monocytes. The study provided valuable insight into the mechanism of action of these nanosized metallodrugs and relevant structural parameters affecting the activity.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11576/2678762
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