We present a modified microfluidic open interface (MOI) for the direct coupling of Bio-SPME to a liquid electron ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LEI-MS/MS) system as a sensitive technique that can directly analyze biological samples without the need for sample cleanup or chromatographic separations as well as without measurable matrix effects (ME). We selected fentanyl as test compound. The method uses a C18 Bio-SPME fiber by direct immersion (DI) in urine and plasma and the subsequent quick desorption (1 min) in a flow-isolated volume (2.5 μL) filled with an internal standard−acetonitrile solution. The sample is then transferred to an EI source of a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer via a LEI interface at a nanoscale flow rate. The desorption and analysis procedure requires less than 10 min. Up to 150 samples can be analyzed without observing a performance decline, with fentanyl quantitation at microgram-per-liter levels. The method workflow is extremely dependable, relatively fast, sustainable, and leads to reproducible results that enable the high-throughput screening of various biological samples.

Direct Coupling of Bio-SPME to Liquid Electron Ionization-MS/MS via a Modified Microfluidic Open Interface

Priscilla Rocío-Bautista;Giorgio Famiglini;Veronica Termopoli;Pierangela Palma;Achille Cappiello
2021-01-01

Abstract

We present a modified microfluidic open interface (MOI) for the direct coupling of Bio-SPME to a liquid electron ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (LEI-MS/MS) system as a sensitive technique that can directly analyze biological samples without the need for sample cleanup or chromatographic separations as well as without measurable matrix effects (ME). We selected fentanyl as test compound. The method uses a C18 Bio-SPME fiber by direct immersion (DI) in urine and plasma and the subsequent quick desorption (1 min) in a flow-isolated volume (2.5 μL) filled with an internal standard−acetonitrile solution. The sample is then transferred to an EI source of a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer via a LEI interface at a nanoscale flow rate. The desorption and analysis procedure requires less than 10 min. Up to 150 samples can be analyzed without observing a performance decline, with fentanyl quantitation at microgram-per-liter levels. The method workflow is extremely dependable, relatively fast, sustainable, and leads to reproducible results that enable the high-throughput screening of various biological samples.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2680963
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 6
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 5
social impact