PLGA-PEG-PLGA are copolymers, able to form temperature-dependent hydrogels or sol dispersions at selective conditions. A general overview about the rheological characterization of their aqueous dispersions, focusing how the structural characteristics (e.g. molecular weight, PEG/PLGA ratio) affect their temperature-dependent behaviour, is presented. Different PLGA-PEG-PLGA were synthesized by varying the amount of lactide and glycolide and the amount and molecular weight of PEG. All polymers were characterized by gel-permeation chromatography and differential scanning calorimetry. Then, polymeric dispersions in water (15%–25% w/w) were analysed by oscillatory rheological measurements. At solid state, all copolymers are amorphous and the calculated glass transition temperatures were dependent on PEG/PLGA ratio. As regard aqueous dispersions, the temperature-dependent rheological behaviour named “partially thermogelling” has been described, in addition to the commonly reported thermogelling one. In these samples, the consistency increases over temperature without forming a three-dimensional network as for real hydrogels. All rheological characteristics can be explained according to the proposed categorization (thermogel, partial thermogel and sol dispersion).

Insights in the rheological properties of PLGA-PEG-PLGA aqueous dispersions: structural properties and temperature-dependent behaviour

Mattia Tiboni;Luca Casettari;
2021-01-01

Abstract

PLGA-PEG-PLGA are copolymers, able to form temperature-dependent hydrogels or sol dispersions at selective conditions. A general overview about the rheological characterization of their aqueous dispersions, focusing how the structural characteristics (e.g. molecular weight, PEG/PLGA ratio) affect their temperature-dependent behaviour, is presented. Different PLGA-PEG-PLGA were synthesized by varying the amount of lactide and glycolide and the amount and molecular weight of PEG. All polymers were characterized by gel-permeation chromatography and differential scanning calorimetry. Then, polymeric dispersions in water (15%–25% w/w) were analysed by oscillatory rheological measurements. At solid state, all copolymers are amorphous and the calculated glass transition temperatures were dependent on PEG/PLGA ratio. As regard aqueous dispersions, the temperature-dependent rheological behaviour named “partially thermogelling” has been described, in addition to the commonly reported thermogelling one. In these samples, the consistency increases over temperature without forming a three-dimensional network as for real hydrogels. All rheological characteristics can be explained according to the proposed categorization (thermogel, partial thermogel and sol dispersion).
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2681723
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