Willhendersonite is a rare zeolite, with very few occurrences reported globally (Terni Province, Italy; the Eifel Region, Germany; Styria, Austria). Moreover, the data available from these sites are very limited and do not allow a detailed picture of this zeolite’s mineralogical and chemical characteristics. In this work, a new willhendersonite occurrence is reported from the Tertiary volcanic rocks of the Lessini Mounts, northern Italy. Morphology, mineralogy and chemical composition of selected crystals were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), and electron probe microanalyser (EPMA). Willhendersonite occurs within basanitic rocks as isolated, colorless, transparent crystals with prismatic to flattened morphologies. Individual crystals often grow together to form small elongated clusters and trellis-like aggregates. The diffraction pattern exhibits 33 well-resolved diffraction peaks, all of which can be indexed to a triclinic cell with unit cell parameters a = 9.239(2) Å; b = 9.221(2) Å; and c = 9.496(2) Å, α = 92.324(2)◦, β = 92.677(2)◦, γ = 89.992◦ (Space Group P1). The chemical data point to significant variability from Ca-rich willhendersonite (K0.23Na0.03 )Σ=0,26Ca1.24 (Si3.06Al3,00Fe3+0.01)Σ=6,07 O12·5H2O) to Ca-K terms (K0.94Na0.01)Σ=0,95Ca0.99 (Si3.07Al2.93Fe3+0.00)Σ=6,00O12·5H2O). Willhendersonite from the Lessini Mounts highlights the existence of an isomorphous series between the Ca-pure crystals and Ca-K compositions, possibly extended up to a potassic end-member.

First Occurrence of Willhendersonite in the Lessini Mounts, Northern Italy

Mattioli, Michele
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Willhendersonite is a rare zeolite, with very few occurrences reported globally (Terni Province, Italy; the Eifel Region, Germany; Styria, Austria). Moreover, the data available from these sites are very limited and do not allow a detailed picture of this zeolite’s mineralogical and chemical characteristics. In this work, a new willhendersonite occurrence is reported from the Tertiary volcanic rocks of the Lessini Mounts, northern Italy. Morphology, mineralogy and chemical composition of selected crystals were studied by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), and electron probe microanalyser (EPMA). Willhendersonite occurs within basanitic rocks as isolated, colorless, transparent crystals with prismatic to flattened morphologies. Individual crystals often grow together to form small elongated clusters and trellis-like aggregates. The diffraction pattern exhibits 33 well-resolved diffraction peaks, all of which can be indexed to a triclinic cell with unit cell parameters a = 9.239(2) Å; b = 9.221(2) Å; and c = 9.496(2) Å, α = 92.324(2)◦, β = 92.677(2)◦, γ = 89.992◦ (Space Group P1). The chemical data point to significant variability from Ca-rich willhendersonite (K0.23Na0.03 )Σ=0,26Ca1.24 (Si3.06Al3,00Fe3+0.01)Σ=6,07 O12·5H2O) to Ca-K terms (K0.94Na0.01)Σ=0,95Ca0.99 (Si3.07Al2.93Fe3+0.00)Σ=6,00O12·5H2O). Willhendersonite from the Lessini Mounts highlights the existence of an isomorphous series between the Ca-pure crystals and Ca-K compositions, possibly extended up to a potassic end-member.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2682232
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