The insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) signaling pathway is crucial for the regulation of growth and development. The correct processing of the IGF-1Ea prohormone (proIGF-1Ea) and the IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) peptide precursor requires proper N-glycosylation. Deficiencies of N-linked glycosylation lead to a clinically heterogeneous group of inherited diseases called Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation (CDG). The impact of N-glycosylation defects on IGF-1/IGF-1R signaling components is largely unknown. In this study, using dermal fibroblasts from patients with different CDG [PMM2-CDG (n = 7); ALG3-CDG (n = 2); ALG8-CDG (n = 1); GMPPB-CDG (n = 1)], we analyzed the glycosylation pattern of the proIGF-1Ea, IGF-1 secretion efficiency and IGF-1R signaling activity. ALG3-CDG, ALG8-CDG, GMPPB-CDG and some PMM2-CDG fibroblasts showed hypoglycosylation of the proIGF-1Ea and lower IGF-1 secretion when compared with control (CTR). Lower IGF-1 serum concentration was observed in ALG3-CDG, ALG8-CDG and in some patients with PMM2-CDG, supporting our in vitro data. Furthermore, reduced IGF-1R expression level was observed in ALG3-CDG, ALG8-CDG and in some PMM2-CDG fibroblasts. IGF-1-induced IGF-1R activation was lower in most PMM2-CDG fibroblasts and was associated with decreased ERK1/2 phosphorylation as compared to CTR. In general, CDG fibroblasts showed a slight upregulation of Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) stress genes compared with CTR, uncovering mild ER stress in CDG cells. ER-stress-related gene expression negatively correlated with fibroblasts IGF-1 secretion. This study provides new evidence of a direct link between N-glycosylation defects found in CDG and the impairment of IGF-1/IGF-1R signaling components. Further studies are warranted to determine the clinical consequences of reduced systemic IGF-1 availability and local activity in patients with CDG.

Defective IGF-1 prohormone N-glycosylation and reduced IGF-1 receptor signaling activation in congenital disorders of glycosylation

Di Patria, Laura;Annibalini, Giosuè
;
Saltarelli, Roberta;Galluzzi, Luca;Diotallevi, Aurora;Bocconcelli, Matteo;Stocchi, Vilberto;Barbieri, Elena
2022

Abstract

The insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) signaling pathway is crucial for the regulation of growth and development. The correct processing of the IGF-1Ea prohormone (proIGF-1Ea) and the IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) peptide precursor requires proper N-glycosylation. Deficiencies of N-linked glycosylation lead to a clinically heterogeneous group of inherited diseases called Congenital Disorders of Glycosylation (CDG). The impact of N-glycosylation defects on IGF-1/IGF-1R signaling components is largely unknown. In this study, using dermal fibroblasts from patients with different CDG [PMM2-CDG (n = 7); ALG3-CDG (n = 2); ALG8-CDG (n = 1); GMPPB-CDG (n = 1)], we analyzed the glycosylation pattern of the proIGF-1Ea, IGF-1 secretion efficiency and IGF-1R signaling activity. ALG3-CDG, ALG8-CDG, GMPPB-CDG and some PMM2-CDG fibroblasts showed hypoglycosylation of the proIGF-1Ea and lower IGF-1 secretion when compared with control (CTR). Lower IGF-1 serum concentration was observed in ALG3-CDG, ALG8-CDG and in some patients with PMM2-CDG, supporting our in vitro data. Furthermore, reduced IGF-1R expression level was observed in ALG3-CDG, ALG8-CDG and in some PMM2-CDG fibroblasts. IGF-1-induced IGF-1R activation was lower in most PMM2-CDG fibroblasts and was associated with decreased ERK1/2 phosphorylation as compared to CTR. In general, CDG fibroblasts showed a slight upregulation of Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) stress genes compared with CTR, uncovering mild ER stress in CDG cells. ER-stress-related gene expression negatively correlated with fibroblasts IGF-1 secretion. This study provides new evidence of a direct link between N-glycosylation defects found in CDG and the impairment of IGF-1/IGF-1R signaling components. Further studies are warranted to determine the clinical consequences of reduced systemic IGF-1 availability and local activity in patients with CDG.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11576/2695952
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