: Peroxiredoxin 1 (PRDX1) is an antioxidant enzyme that, when secreted, can act as a proinflammatory signal. Here we studied the regulation of intracellular PRDX1 by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) in the RAW 264.7 mouse macrophage cell line. While LPS or IFN-γ alone did not affect PRDX1 protein levels, their combination led to an almost complete loss of the PRDX1 dimer. This was likely mediated by the increased production of nitric oxide (NO) as it was reversed by the NO synthase inhibitor L-N-methylarginine (L-NMMA), while a NO-releasing agent decreased PRDX1 levels. Inhibition of the proteasome with MG132 also prevented the loss of the PRDX1 dimer, suggesting that the decrease is due to a NO-activated proteasomal degradation pathway. By contrast with the decrease in protein levels, LPS increased PRDX1 mRNA and this effect was amplified by IFN-γ. Two other Nrf2 target genes, thioredoxin reductase (TXNRD1) and haem oxygenase (HMOX1), were also induced by LPS but IFN-γ did not increase their expression further. This study shows that inflammation differentially regulates PRDX1 at the levels of protein stability and gene expression, and that NO plays a key role in this mechanism.

Inflammation-induced reactive nitrogen species cause proteasomal degradation of dimeric peroxiredoxin-1 in a mouse macrophage cell line

Ghezzi, Pietro
Conceptualization
2019-01-01

Abstract

: Peroxiredoxin 1 (PRDX1) is an antioxidant enzyme that, when secreted, can act as a proinflammatory signal. Here we studied the regulation of intracellular PRDX1 by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) in the RAW 264.7 mouse macrophage cell line. While LPS or IFN-γ alone did not affect PRDX1 protein levels, their combination led to an almost complete loss of the PRDX1 dimer. This was likely mediated by the increased production of nitric oxide (NO) as it was reversed by the NO synthase inhibitor L-N-methylarginine (L-NMMA), while a NO-releasing agent decreased PRDX1 levels. Inhibition of the proteasome with MG132 also prevented the loss of the PRDX1 dimer, suggesting that the decrease is due to a NO-activated proteasomal degradation pathway. By contrast with the decrease in protein levels, LPS increased PRDX1 mRNA and this effect was amplified by IFN-γ. Two other Nrf2 target genes, thioredoxin reductase (TXNRD1) and haem oxygenase (HMOX1), were also induced by LPS but IFN-γ did not increase their expression further. This study shows that inflammation differentially regulates PRDX1 at the levels of protein stability and gene expression, and that NO plays a key role in this mechanism.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2696332
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