We describe the energetic landscape beyond the solid-state dynamic behavior of a cyclic hexapeptoid decorated with four propargyl and two methoxyethyl side chains, namely, cyclo-(Nme-Npa2)2, Nme = N-(methoxyethyl)glycine, Npa = N-(propargyl)glycine. By increasing the temperature above 40 °C, the acetonitrile solvate form 1A starts to release acetonitrile molecules and undergoes a reversible single crystal-to-single crystal transformation into crystal form 1B with a remarkable conformational change in the macrocycle: two propargyl side chains move by 113° to form an unprecedented "CH-π zipper". Then, upon acetonitrile adsorption, the "CH-π zipper" opens and the crystal form 1B transforms back to 1A. By conformational energy and lattice energy calculations, we demonstrate that the dramatic side-chain movement is a peculiar feature of the solid-state assembly and is determined by a backbone conformational change that leads to stabilizing CH···OC backbone-to-backbone interactions tightening the framework upon acetonitrile release. Weak interactions as CH···OC and CH-π bonds with the guest molecules are able to reverse the transformation, providing the energy contribution to unzip the framework. We believe that the underlined mechanism could be used as a model system to understand how external stimuli (as temperature, humidity, or volatile compounds) could determine conformational changes in the solid state.

Solid-State Conformational Flexibility at Work: Energetic Landscape of a Single Crystal-to-Single Crystal Transformation in a Cyclic Hexapeptoid

Macedi, Eleonora;
2021

Abstract

We describe the energetic landscape beyond the solid-state dynamic behavior of a cyclic hexapeptoid decorated with four propargyl and two methoxyethyl side chains, namely, cyclo-(Nme-Npa2)2, Nme = N-(methoxyethyl)glycine, Npa = N-(propargyl)glycine. By increasing the temperature above 40 °C, the acetonitrile solvate form 1A starts to release acetonitrile molecules and undergoes a reversible single crystal-to-single crystal transformation into crystal form 1B with a remarkable conformational change in the macrocycle: two propargyl side chains move by 113° to form an unprecedented "CH-π zipper". Then, upon acetonitrile adsorption, the "CH-π zipper" opens and the crystal form 1B transforms back to 1A. By conformational energy and lattice energy calculations, we demonstrate that the dramatic side-chain movement is a peculiar feature of the solid-state assembly and is determined by a backbone conformational change that leads to stabilizing CH···OC backbone-to-backbone interactions tightening the framework upon acetonitrile release. Weak interactions as CH···OC and CH-π bonds with the guest molecules are able to reverse the transformation, providing the energy contribution to unzip the framework. We believe that the underlined mechanism could be used as a model system to understand how external stimuli (as temperature, humidity, or volatile compounds) could determine conformational changes in the solid state.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2704790
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