Dysfunctional autophagy is linked to neuronal damage in ischemia/reperfusion injury. The Ras-related protein 7 (Rab7), a member of the Rab family of small GTPases, appears crucial for the progression of the autophagic flux, and its activity is strictly interconnected with the histone deacetylase Silent information regulator 1 (Sirt1) and transcription factor Forkhead box class O1 (FoxO1). The present study assessed the neuroprotective role of melatonin in the modulation of the Sirt1/FoxO1/Rab7 axis in HT22 cells and organotypic hippocampal cultures exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation followed by reoxygenation (OGD/R). The results showed that melatonin re-established physiological levels of autophagy and reduced propidium iodide-positive cells, speeding up autophagosome (AP) maturation and increasing lysosomal activity. Our study revealed that melatonin modulates autophagic pathways, increasing the expression of both Rab7 and FoxO1 and restoring the Sirt1 expression affected by OGD/R. In addition, the Sirt1 inhibitor EX-527 significantly reduced Rab7, Sirt1, and FoxO1 expression, as well as autolysosomes formation, and blocked the neuroprotective effect of melatonin. Overall, our findings provide, for the first time, new insights into the neuroprotective role of melatonin against ischemic injury through the activation of the Sirt1/FoxO1/Rab7 axis.

Melatonin Attenuates Ischemic-like Cell Injury by Promoting Autophagosome Maturation via the Sirt1/FoxO1/Rab7 Axis in Hippocampal HT22 Cells and in Organotypic Cultures

Luchetti, Francesca
Conceptualization
;
Nasoni, Maria G
Conceptualization
;
Burattini, Sabrina
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Mohammadi, Atefeh
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Pagliarini, Marica
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Canonico, Barbara
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Ambrogini, Patrizia
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Balduini, Walter
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Carloni, Silvia
Conceptualization
2022

Abstract

Dysfunctional autophagy is linked to neuronal damage in ischemia/reperfusion injury. The Ras-related protein 7 (Rab7), a member of the Rab family of small GTPases, appears crucial for the progression of the autophagic flux, and its activity is strictly interconnected with the histone deacetylase Silent information regulator 1 (Sirt1) and transcription factor Forkhead box class O1 (FoxO1). The present study assessed the neuroprotective role of melatonin in the modulation of the Sirt1/FoxO1/Rab7 axis in HT22 cells and organotypic hippocampal cultures exposed to oxygen-glucose deprivation followed by reoxygenation (OGD/R). The results showed that melatonin re-established physiological levels of autophagy and reduced propidium iodide-positive cells, speeding up autophagosome (AP) maturation and increasing lysosomal activity. Our study revealed that melatonin modulates autophagic pathways, increasing the expression of both Rab7 and FoxO1 and restoring the Sirt1 expression affected by OGD/R. In addition, the Sirt1 inhibitor EX-527 significantly reduced Rab7, Sirt1, and FoxO1 expression, as well as autolysosomes formation, and blocked the neuroprotective effect of melatonin. Overall, our findings provide, for the first time, new insights into the neuroprotective role of melatonin against ischemic injury through the activation of the Sirt1/FoxO1/Rab7 axis.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2706370
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