Gamma oryzanol (ORZ) is a nutraceutical that is poorly water soluble with poor intestinal absorption. In the current work, ORZ was nanoformulated into uncoated and chitosan coated micelles based on methoxy-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone) (mPEG-PCL) and poly(ε-caprolactone)-b-methoxy-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL-PEG-PCL) copolymers for augmenting ORZ oral delivery. The physicochemical properties, morphological study, in-vitro release and safety of the nanoplaforms were determined. Importantly, the nephroprotective competence of the nanoplaforms was analyzed against acute kidney injury (AKI) rat model and the sirtuin-1 associated machineries were assessed. The results revealed that the micelles exerted particle size (PS) from 97.9 to 117.8 nm that was markedly increased after chitosan coating. The reversal of zeta potential from negative to highly positive further confirmed efficient coating. In vitro release profiles demonstrated prolonged release pattern. The nanoforms conferred higher cell viability values than free ORZ on Vero cell line. The designed micelles displayed augmented nephroprotection compared to free ORZ with the supremacy of CS coated micelles over uncoated ones in restoring kidney parameters to normal levels. The attenuated AKI was fulfilled via the modulation of sirtuin-1 signaling pathways translated by restoring the histological features, increasing renal antioxidant states, renal autophagy and decreasing renal inflammation and renal apoptosis. These outcomes confirmed that surface modification with chitosan had a considerable leverage on micelles safety, release behavior and in vivo performance.

Gamma oryzanol loaded into micelle-core/chitosan-shell: from translational nephroprotective potential to emphasis on sirtuin-1 associated machineries

Casettari, Luca;
2023

Abstract

Gamma oryzanol (ORZ) is a nutraceutical that is poorly water soluble with poor intestinal absorption. In the current work, ORZ was nanoformulated into uncoated and chitosan coated micelles based on methoxy-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone) (mPEG-PCL) and poly(ε-caprolactone)-b-methoxy-poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL-PEG-PCL) copolymers for augmenting ORZ oral delivery. The physicochemical properties, morphological study, in-vitro release and safety of the nanoplaforms were determined. Importantly, the nephroprotective competence of the nanoplaforms was analyzed against acute kidney injury (AKI) rat model and the sirtuin-1 associated machineries were assessed. The results revealed that the micelles exerted particle size (PS) from 97.9 to 117.8 nm that was markedly increased after chitosan coating. The reversal of zeta potential from negative to highly positive further confirmed efficient coating. In vitro release profiles demonstrated prolonged release pattern. The nanoforms conferred higher cell viability values than free ORZ on Vero cell line. The designed micelles displayed augmented nephroprotection compared to free ORZ with the supremacy of CS coated micelles over uncoated ones in restoring kidney parameters to normal levels. The attenuated AKI was fulfilled via the modulation of sirtuin-1 signaling pathways translated by restoring the histological features, increasing renal antioxidant states, renal autophagy and decreasing renal inflammation and renal apoptosis. These outcomes confirmed that surface modification with chitosan had a considerable leverage on micelles safety, release behavior and in vivo performance.
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Pdf 50 gg free.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Tipologia: Versione editoriale
Licenza: Copyright dell'editore
Dimensione 5.81 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
5.81 MB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Manuscript first submisison.pdf

accesso aperto

Tipologia: Versione pre-print
Licenza: Creative commons
Dimensione 3.87 MB
Formato Adobe PDF
3.87 MB Adobe PDF Visualizza/Apri

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2708457
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact