Objective: To investigate whether the morphodynamic characterization of a euploid blastocyst's development allows a higher prediction of a live birth after single-embryo-transfer (SET). Design: Observational cohort study conducted in two phases: training and validation. Setting: Private in vitro fertilization centers. Patient(s): Euploid blastocysts: 511 and 319 first vitrified-warmed SETs from 868 and 546 patients undergoing preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidies (PGT-A) in the training and validation phase, respectively. Intervention(s): Data collected from time of polar body extrusion to time of starting blastulation, and trophectoderm and inner-cell-mass static morphology in all embryos cultured in a specific time-lapse incubator with a continuous medium. Logistic regressions conducted to outline the variables showing a statistically significant association with live birth. In the validation phase, these variables were tested in an independent data set. Main outcome measure(s): Live births per SET. Result(s): The average live birth rate (LBR) in the training set was 40% (N = 207/511). Only time of morulation (tM) and trophectoderm quality were outlined as putative predictors of live birth at two IVF centers. In the validation set, the euploid blastocysts characterized by tM <80 hours and high-quality trophectoderm resulted in a LBR of 55.2% (n = 37/67), while those with tM ≥ 80 hours and a low-quality trophectoderm resulted in a LBR of 25.5% (N = 13/51). Conclusion(s): Time of morulation and trophectoderm quality are better predictors of a euploid blastocyst's reproductive competence. Our evidence was reproducible across different centers under specific culture conditions. These data support the crucial role of morulation for embryo development, a stage that involves massive morphologic, cellular, and molecular changes and deserves more investigation.

Time of morulation and trophectoderm quality are predictors of a live birth after euploid blastocyst transfer: a multicenter study

Rienzi, Laura
;
2019

Abstract

Objective: To investigate whether the morphodynamic characterization of a euploid blastocyst's development allows a higher prediction of a live birth after single-embryo-transfer (SET). Design: Observational cohort study conducted in two phases: training and validation. Setting: Private in vitro fertilization centers. Patient(s): Euploid blastocysts: 511 and 319 first vitrified-warmed SETs from 868 and 546 patients undergoing preimplantation genetic testing for aneuploidies (PGT-A) in the training and validation phase, respectively. Intervention(s): Data collected from time of polar body extrusion to time of starting blastulation, and trophectoderm and inner-cell-mass static morphology in all embryos cultured in a specific time-lapse incubator with a continuous medium. Logistic regressions conducted to outline the variables showing a statistically significant association with live birth. In the validation phase, these variables were tested in an independent data set. Main outcome measure(s): Live births per SET. Result(s): The average live birth rate (LBR) in the training set was 40% (N = 207/511). Only time of morulation (tM) and trophectoderm quality were outlined as putative predictors of live birth at two IVF centers. In the validation set, the euploid blastocysts characterized by tM <80 hours and high-quality trophectoderm resulted in a LBR of 55.2% (n = 37/67), while those with tM ≥ 80 hours and a low-quality trophectoderm resulted in a LBR of 25.5% (N = 13/51). Conclusion(s): Time of morulation and trophectoderm quality are better predictors of a euploid blastocyst's reproductive competence. Our evidence was reproducible across different centers under specific culture conditions. These data support the crucial role of morulation for embryo development, a stage that involves massive morphologic, cellular, and molecular changes and deserves more investigation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2727728
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