Campylobacter jejuni is the most common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in humans. The synthesis of cytolethal distending toxin appears essential in the infection process. In this work we evaluated the sequence of lethal events in HeLa cells exposed to cell lysates of two distinct strains,C. jejuniATCC 33291 andC. jejuniISS3. C. jejunicell lysates (CCLys) were added to HeLa cell monolayers which were analysed to detect DNA content, death features, bcl-2 and p53 status, mitochondria/lyso-somes network and finally, CD54 and CD59 alterations, compared to cell lysates ofC. jejuni11168HcdtA mutant. We found mitochondria and lysosomes differently targeted by these bacterial lysates. Death, consistent with apoptosis for C. jejuniATCC 33291 lysate, occurred in a slow way ([48 h); concomitantly HeLa cells increase their endolys-osomal compartment, as a consequence of toxin internali-zation besides a simultaneous and partial lysosomal destabilization.C. jejuniCCLys induces death in HeLa cells mainly via a caspase-dependent mechanism although a p53 lysosomal pathway (also caspase-independent) seems to appear in addition. In C. jejuniISS3-treated cells, the p53-mediated oxidative degradation of mitochondrial components seems to be lost, inducing the deepest lysosomal alterations. Furthermore, CD59 considerably decreases, suggesting both a degradation or internalisation pathway. CCLys-treated HeLa cells increase CD54 expression on their surface, because of the action of lysate as its double feature of toxin and bacterial peptide. In conclusion, we revealed thatC. jejuniCCLys-treated HeLa cells displayed different features, depending on the par-ticular strain.

Campylobacter jejuni cell lysates differently target mitochondria and lysosomes on HeLa cells

CANONICO, BARBARA;CAMPANA, RAFFAELLA;LUCHETTI, FRANCESCA;ARCANGELETTI, MARCELLA;BETTI, MICHELE;CIACCI, CATERINA;VITTORIA, EMANUELA;GALLI, LAURA;PAPA, STEFANO;BAFFONE, WALLY
2014

Abstract

Campylobacter jejuni is the most common cause of bacterial gastroenteritis in humans. The synthesis of cytolethal distending toxin appears essential in the infection process. In this work we evaluated the sequence of lethal events in HeLa cells exposed to cell lysates of two distinct strains,C. jejuniATCC 33291 andC. jejuniISS3. C. jejunicell lysates (CCLys) were added to HeLa cell monolayers which were analysed to detect DNA content, death features, bcl-2 and p53 status, mitochondria/lyso-somes network and finally, CD54 and CD59 alterations, compared to cell lysates ofC. jejuni11168HcdtA mutant. We found mitochondria and lysosomes differently targeted by these bacterial lysates. Death, consistent with apoptosis for C. jejuniATCC 33291 lysate, occurred in a slow way ([48 h); concomitantly HeLa cells increase their endolys-osomal compartment, as a consequence of toxin internali-zation besides a simultaneous and partial lysosomal destabilization.C. jejuniCCLys induces death in HeLa cells mainly via a caspase-dependent mechanism although a p53 lysosomal pathway (also caspase-independent) seems to appear in addition. In C. jejuniISS3-treated cells, the p53-mediated oxidative degradation of mitochondrial components seems to be lost, inducing the deepest lysosomal alterations. Furthermore, CD59 considerably decreases, suggesting both a degradation or internalisation pathway. CCLys-treated HeLa cells increase CD54 expression on their surface, because of the action of lysate as its double feature of toxin and bacterial peptide. In conclusion, we revealed thatC. jejuniCCLys-treated HeLa cells displayed different features, depending on the par-ticular strain.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11576/2598024
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