: Arsenite is a potent carcinogen and toxic compound inducing an array of deleterious effects via different mechanisms, which include the Ca2+-dependent formation of reactive oxygen species. The mechanism whereby the metalloid affects Ca2+ homeostasis involves an initial stimulation of the inositol 1, 4, 5-triphosphate receptor, an event associated with an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress leading to increased ERO1α expression, and ERO1α dependent activation of the ryanodine receptor (RyR). Ca2+ release from the RyR is then critically connected with the mitochondrial accumulation of Ca2+. We now report that the resulting formation of mitochondrial superoxide triggers a second mechanism of ER stress dependent ERO1α expression, which however fails to impact on Ca2+ release from the RyR or, more generally, on Ca2+ homeostasis. Our results therefore demonstrate that arsenite stimulates two different and sequential mechanisms leading to increased ERO1α expression with different functions, possibly due to their different subcellular compartmentalization.

Arsenite enhances ERO1α expression via ryanodine receptor dependent and independent mechanisms

Guidarelli, Andrea;Spina, Andrea;Fiorani, Mara;Zito, Ester;Cantoni, Orazio
2023

Abstract

: Arsenite is a potent carcinogen and toxic compound inducing an array of deleterious effects via different mechanisms, which include the Ca2+-dependent formation of reactive oxygen species. The mechanism whereby the metalloid affects Ca2+ homeostasis involves an initial stimulation of the inositol 1, 4, 5-triphosphate receptor, an event associated with an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress leading to increased ERO1α expression, and ERO1α dependent activation of the ryanodine receptor (RyR). Ca2+ release from the RyR is then critically connected with the mitochondrial accumulation of Ca2+. We now report that the resulting formation of mitochondrial superoxide triggers a second mechanism of ER stress dependent ERO1α expression, which however fails to impact on Ca2+ release from the RyR or, more generally, on Ca2+ homeostasis. Our results therefore demonstrate that arsenite stimulates two different and sequential mechanisms leading to increased ERO1α expression with different functions, possibly due to their different subcellular compartmentalization.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11576/2709790
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